When drinking water is unavailable as the result of any natural, nuclear or biological calamities, the emergency calls for potabilization plants that are sturdy and easily operated, designed and manufactured for trouble-free operation even in the most difficult conditions.
Thanks to the compact nature of the Culligan water treatment technology (pressure filtration, softening, reverse osmosis etc.) Culligan have pioneered containerizing water treatment systems to allow for rapid deployment, installation, and mobility.
Ideal for remote or temporary locations such as construction camps or remote communities, these units are designed to operate in extremes of temperature and provide full potabilisation of water from a wide variety of feed sources such as wells, sea water, and river water.
The very nature of a mobile unit means that it is not possible to know the quality of the water to be treated in advance: it may be from rivers or lakes, reservoirs, wells or tanks. The mobile unit therefore has to be extremely versatile and designed on the basis of the worst-case scenario in terms of the physical and chemical characteristics of the water: those of water taken from surface watercourses (rivers and streams).
Another very important characteristic is capability for rapid mobilization: when a population is hit by a water supply emergency, lengthy times for installation, connecting and setting-up a system are absolutely unacceptable: the unit must be operational extremely quickly, because thirst and health allow no delay.
Moreover, units of this kind are not always installed in easily-accessible areas with a main electricity supply; this means they must be easily transportable, towable by a 4WD vehicle, even on rough, inaccessible terrain, and must be completely self-contained. Electricity must be supplied by a generator set.
The list of requirements is completed by user-friendliness and safety: highly-skilled staff are not always available for day-to-day operation of the system.